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What does Islam tell us?

Islam and Equality Between All People

Islam teaches us that all people are equal against God. Allah tells in the Quran:

13.   O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allāh is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allāh is Knowing and Acquainted. (Holy Quran 49:13)

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) says:

All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black nor a black has any superiority over a white – except by piety and good action. (Ahmed)

Islam and Mercy

God ordered us to be merciful, treat people well, help people, He recommended us to treat our parents well, and to keep always on helping them:

23.And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. 24. And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” (Holy Quran 17:23-24)

Mercy with non Muslim Parents

Even if they were not Muslims we must treat them well but we don’t obey them if they ordered us to disobey God:

14.And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination. 15. But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do. (Holy Quran 31:14-15)

Morals of Islam

Islam and Relatives

God ordered us to keep always in contact with our relatives God said:

36. And worship ALLAH and associate nothing with HIM, and show kindness to parents, and to kindred and orphans (Holy Quran 4:36)

Also the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: ” He/She who believes in Allah , the Almighty and Day of Judgment , must communicate , be good, courteous and kind to his kith and kin or relatives.” (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)

Islam and Neighbor

Also we are also recommended to treat the neighbors well, even if they were not Muslims and even if they treated us badly as God said:

And to the neighbor who is a kinsman and the neighbor who is a stranger (Holy Quran 4:36)

Mujahid said, “I was with ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr while his slave was skinning a sheep. He said, ‘Boy! When you finish, start with the Jewish neighbour.’ A man there exclaimed, ‘Jewish? May Allah correct you!’ He replied, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recommend that we treat our neighbours well until we feared (or we thought) that he would order us to make them our heirs.‘” [Al-Adab al-Mufrad Al-Bukhari]

He also says: “The best of neighbor s in the sight of Allah, the Almighty, is the one who is best to his neighbor“(Narrated by Tirmithee)

Islam and Orphans

God also told us to take care of orphans as in the previous verse:

Worship Allāh and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, (Holy Quran 4:36)

There was a very severe punishment to those who take money of orphans as God said:

10. Indeed, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly are only consuming into their bellies fire. And they will be burned in a Blaze. (Holy Quran 4:10)

Islam and Justice

God ordered us to be completely fair with people even if we saw two people having a problem, one of them is Muslim, the other is non Muslim, and we found the right with the non-Muslim, I must judge for the non-Muslim.

135. O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allāh, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allāh is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allāh is ever, with what you do, Acquainted. (Holy Quran 4:135)

Once, a dispute arouse between Ali bin Ali Talib, when he was the Caliph, and a Jewish man who went to Judge Shuray al-Kindi.  Shuray tells the details of what happened:

“Ali found he was missing a suit of mail, so he went back to Kufa and found it in the hands of a Jewish man who was selling it in the market.  He said, ‘O Jew! That suit of mail is mine!  I did not give it away or sell it!’

The Jew responded ‘It is mine.  It is in my possession.’

Ali said, ‘We will have the judge rule on this for us.’

So they came to me and Ali sat next to me and said, ‘That suit of mail is mine; I did not give it away or sell it.’

The Jew sat in front of me and said, ‘That is my suit of mail.  It is in my possession.’

I asked, ‘O Commander of the Faithful, do you have any proof?’

‘Yes,’ Ali said. ‘My son Hasan and Qanbar can testify that it is my suit of mail.’

I said, ‘Commander of the Faithful, the testimony of a son in his father’s favor is not admissible in court.’

Ali exclaimed, ‘How Perfect is God!  You cannot accept the testimony of a man who has been promised Paradise?  I heard the Messenger of God saying that Hasan and Husain are the princes of the youth in Paradise.’ (Al-Tirmidhi)

The Jewish man said:

‘The Commander of the Faithful takes me before his own judge and the judge rules in my favor against him!  I bear witness that no one deserves worship except God and that Muhammad is His Messenger [the Jewish man accepted Islam], and that the suit of armor is yours, Commander of the Faithful.  You dropped it at night and I found it.’ (Abu Bakr Hayyan, Tarikh al-Qudat, Volume 2, p. 200)

Islam and Chasity

God ordered us also not to commit adultery, because it is not a mess, and because it destroys the society and makes people deviate and spoil. That’s why God, ordered us to take all the reasons to prevent this to happen. Allah said in the Quran:

32. And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way. (Holy Quran 17:32)

Allah tells us not just not to commit adultery, but not even to approach it. That’s why Allah ordered men not even to look at women, because this arises their sexual desire, and may lead them to adultery, or at least may them go astray from their duties in this life. More details are shown in the article: why Muslim women wear veil?

Islam and Truthfulness and honesty

God ordered us not to lie or to promise with something and don’t do, Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said that this is a sign of hypocrisy.

119. O you who have believed, fear Allāh and be with those who are truthful. (Holy Quran 9:119)

And fulfill the covenant; for the covenant shall be questioned about.

And fulfill [every] commitment. Indeed, the commitment is ever [that about which one will be] questioned. (Holy Quran 17:34)

70. O you who have believed, fear Allāh and speak words of appropriate justice. 71. He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allāh and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment. (Holy Quran 33:70-71)

God ordered us to say good words and avoid bad words and emphasized much on this because the slip of the tongue may cause many problems:

24. Have you not considered how Allāh presents an example, [making] a good word like a good tree, whose root is firmly fixed and its branches [high] in the sky? 25. It produces its fruit all the time, by permission of its Lord. And Allāh presents examples for the people that perhaps they will be reminded. 26. And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability. (Holy Quran 14:24-26)

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:

Pay the deposit to him who deposited it with you, and do not betray him who betrays you. (Abi Dawood)

Islam and Modesty

God ordered us not to be arrogant but to be modest.

18. And do not turn your cheek [in contempt] toward people and do not walk through the earth exultantly. Indeed, Allāh does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful. (Holy Quran 31:18)

63. And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth humbly, and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace, (Holy Quran 25:63)

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:

He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter Paradise. A person (amongst his hearers) said: Verily a person loves that his dress should be fine, and his shoes should be fine. He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: Verily, Allah is Graceful and He loves Grace. Pride is disdaining the truth (out of self-conceit) and contempt for the people. (Sahih Muslim)

Islam and Good Morals

Finally God orders us to do everything good and avoid everything bad.

90. Indeed, Allāh orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded. (Holy Quran 16:90)

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