In the last article we highlighted that Prophet Muhammad is not the one who wrote the Quran if he wanted to use it for his own purpose. In this article we will prove that Prophet Muhammad is not the one who wrote the Quran as it is impossible for him to make up the content of the Quran by himself.
Illiteracy of Prophet Muhammad
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was illiterate; he can neither read nor write. The Quran says:
And you did not recite before it any scripture, nor did you inscribe one with your right hand. Then [i.e., otherwise] the falsifiers would have had [cause for] doubt. (Holy Quran 29:48)
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has never been concerned with poetry:
And We did not give him [i.e., Prophet Muhammad ﷺ ] knowledge of poetry, nor is it befitting for him. It is not but a message and a clear Quran (Holy Quran 36:69)
When we look at the Quran and how it astonished the Arabs who were very famous by their oratory skills. The Quran even challenged them to bring one chapter like the smallest chapter in the Quran:
And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down [i.e., the Quran] upon Our Servant [i.e., Prophet Muhammad ﷺ], then produce a surah the like thereof and call upon your witnesses [i.e., supporters] other than Allah, if you should be truthful. (Holy Quran 2:23)
1400 years have been passed and till now no one can meet this challenge. This challenge is not just about the eloquent and rhetoric style of the Quran. It’s also about the spiritual effect the Quran has made on the Arabs and how it converted them from being barbaric people where the strong subdues the weak, burying their daughters alive to a great civilization that ruled from China to Spain. Through Muslims, science was spread to Europe and the modern European civilization exploited many scientific concepts made by Muslims in the Medieval when Europe was living a barbaric life. No book changed the life of people as the Quran did with Arabs and Muslims.
Stories of People before Islam
The Quran gives extensive accounts on the previous prophets and their stories with their people. These stories included the stories mentioned in the Old Testament about the prophets like Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon and Jesus (Peace be upon them). Many of these details were mentioned in the Old Testament. Other details were not mentioned like the Pharaoh’s body being saved, Jesus speaking in cradle, making birds out of clay. The Quran also tells about other prophets not mentioned in the Old Testament who were not sent to the Israelites as Hud, Saleh and Shuaib. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has been raised in a pagan environment and didn’t have much conversation with Jews or Christians. He couldn’t have known all these details from himself. The Quran recognizes the advantages of early prophets and at the same time criticizes the false beliefs made by Jews and Christians.
Some objections may be made that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ took these stories from Waraqa his wife’s cousin. But actually Prophet Muhammad ﷺ didn’t go to Waraqa except when Angel Gabriel came to him the first time because he hadn’t understood yet. And Waraqa died a few months afterwards. The Jews used to ask Prophet Muhammad ﷺ about many things after Waraqa died. In many cases he didn’t know the answer till the revelation of the Quran came and answered these points.
Also another objection is that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ met a monk called Baheira when he was young and he learned everything from him. Actually this was when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was 12 and he was on his way with a caravan to Syria, while the revelation came to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ when he was 40. So actually his meeting with Baheira was a very quick meeting with his people. He couldn’t have learned all these details within this short period of time.
Simple and Clear Faith in God
The Quran tells nothing more than simple belief in God, His prophets and His books. The Quran refuses to accompany any intercessions with God except for those whom God permitted. The Quran tells that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is no more than a prophet. The Quran doesn’t give a privilege to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ other than being the final prophet sent from God.
Detailed Laws in Different aspects of Life
The Quran gives laws in politics, economics, marriage, divorce and heritage. These laws are detailed giving guidelines on how to deal in most life cases. This huge amount of laws couldn’t have been made by an illiterate person who lived 1400 years ago.
This simply shows that it is impossible to say that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is the one who wrote the Quran as he couldn’t have known all these information when he was illiterate and not concerned with poetry. If Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is the one who wrote the Quran, he would have been known for studying stories of prophets before him. He couldn’t have made up all the detailed laws present in the Quran that are covering different aspects of life.